Theme 1: Methodological Studies for Translational Research in Human Support

Project Leader: MATSUDA, Ryozo (College of Social Sciences Professor )span: 2013/04 - 2016/03

When an inclusive society is pursued in the context of an increasingly low birth-rate/aging population, increasingly diverse families, and increasingly complex social relationships, the task of providing human services becomes more complicated, and there is thus a need for rapid progress in the development of new methods to be employed in this context.

And amidst an increasing awareness of the social mission of academic research, systems to make practical use of the wide-ranging research on human support being conducted by various disciplines within the humanities/social sciences such as psychology and sociology have become increasingly important. The aim of this research is to comprehensively explore the methodology of consciously/systematically translating evidences in those disciplines into practice of the human services, or, in other words, to examine the state of translational research in the field of human services.

Specifically, this exploration has been conducted in the following three areas.
First, we aim to develop an overview from basic research to the introduction/dissemination of new techniques, and to clarify the chain of research and development in human services.

Second, on the basis of the actual state of this chain of research in human services, we will examine methodologies intended to make it more organized, systematic, and effective. We are interested particularly in finding ways of effectively using information communications technology (ICT) in this chain.

Third, as an Asian country facing a falling birthrate/aging population, we will examine methods of effectively promoting the spread of new forms of human services in Japan and other Asian countries. We will look at how anticipatory support, restorative support, and escorted support have spread within a country, identify factors that promote and inhibit this spread, and search for methods of better improving it going forward. Also, in order to survey the spread of these approaches in various Asian countries, we examine what sorts of problems exist when methods of human services transcend national boundaries while clarifying the influence of cultural/institutional differences between each country on this kind of support.

Finally, learning from translational research in medicine, which has already been established internationally, with careful regard for the unique nature of human services, we aim to construct a methodology of translational research in human services.

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